Brazil has had eight names to date: Pindorama (its indigenous name); Ilha de Vera Cruz, in 1500; Terra Nova, in 1501; Terra dos Papagaios, in 1501; Terra de Vera Cruz, in 1503; Terra de Santa Cruz, in 1503; Terra Santa Cruz do Brasil, in 1505; Terra do Brasil, in 1505. It was only shortened to Brasil in 1527. From 1891 to 1969 the official name of the country was the United States of Brasil before becoming, in 1969, the República Federativa do Brasil (Federal Republic of Brazil).
The oldest Brazilian newspaper is the Diário de Pernambuco, which began circulation in November, 1825, three years after the Independence of Brazil.
João Pessoa, the capital city of Paraíba, was given its name in honour of an ex-governor, who was also the father of the famous Brazilian writer, Ariano Suassuna. By the early 1990s the city was regarded as the second greenest capital city in the world, after Paris. As the most eastern city in The Americas, it is also known as the “Porta do Sol” (Door to the Sun): The region of Ponta do Seixas is home to the first sunrise in The Americas each day.
In amongst the vast range of beautiful Brazilian flowers is the vitória-régia, one of the hallmarks of the Amazon Rainforest and the largest flower in the world. It can measure up to two metres in diameter.
Brazil is the only national football team to have competed in every World Cup. The first Brazilian goal was scored by Preguinho against Yugoslavia in 1920. However, the first tournament to be televised in Brazil was that of 1962. Matches were tape-recorded and flown to Brazil, so games were broadcast with a two-day delay.
The Italian-Brazilians are regarded as the largest population of oriundi (of Italian descent) outside Italy. There are reportedly more than 6,000 pizzerias in the city of São Paulo alone, churning out approximately one million pizzas per day!
Queen Elizabeth II made an official ten-day visit to Brazil in 1968. The monarch unveiled two plaques during her stay, one to inaugurate MASP (Museum of Modern Art) in São Paulo and another to commemorate the construction plans of the Rio-Niterói bridge in Rio de Janeiro, a project that relied on British resources. Any idea what souvenirs she came home with? Two leopards – Aizita and Marquesa de Guará – and two sloths, all of which were relocated to London Zoo.
These were the exact words of the prince-regent, D. Pedro I, as he proclaimed the Independence of Brazil on the banks of the Ipiranga River, on September 7, 1822. He was only 23 years old.
Find out more about three fantastic London parks for fun and relaxation Whether you are after a spot of relaxation, exercise, a picnic or a romantic afternoon, London’s parks attract as many locals as they do tourists, thanks to their picturesque settings, complete with ancient woods and grand old houses. However, these attractions are just a couple of the reasons why people visit the city’s famous parks. 1 – Hampstead Heath Located in northwest London, Hampstead Heath is vast; taking in plenty of natural beauty over the course of its 300 hectares, with walking trails, gardens, fields, woods and…
Is Carnival a public holiday in Brazil? Contrary to what many believe, the four and a half days of partying – from midnight Friday to noon on Wednesday – does not actually constitute a national holiday. With the exception of Rio de Janeiro, where it is a state holiday, for most cities Carnival is optional and so has to be agreed upon by the governing city councils. Read about indigenous Heavy Metal band